Wells had hitherto been the primary source of potable water in the region, with every household digging their own bore-well for supply of water. As the population of the Taluka increased over the past decade, however, the availability of water reduced,as did thelevel of the water table. This in turn led to people boring deeper and deeper into the earth for water, resulting in further lowering of the water table. The sum total of these developments is that most households suffer water shortage for 3 to 6 months of the year, thus, having to depend on water tankers.
Even though several government schemes have been initiated, at an estimated exposure of INR 3.1 Bn (Rs. 31 Cr) to the government exchequer, between 1997 to 2014 alone,the situation has not improved much.
The irony of the matter is that the Konkan region receives some of the highest levels of rainfall in the country. Yet, its people face water trouble for more than half of the year. Simple methods and mechanisms such as rainwater harvesting can help to resolve this problem to a great extent. It is with this rationale that we have initiated this project.
The project will also serve the object of giving practical experience to the students of the Environmental Studies faculty at Devgad College in respect of water conservation and ecology as well as survey techniques and interview methods. The college, which attracts students from over 80 villages in the region, is in a unique position to impart rainwater-harvesting techniques to students, who will gain sufficient skills and experience to implement such mechanisms in their native villages too.